What is a miniature
A miniature is a small picture involving very small detailed painting. This title is chiefly used for the painting of the East where the rules of perspective and anatomy are not observed. Some people think that the word is French composed of two words – minimum and nature. The equivalent word in Persian mean painting. Landscape painting in Persian is often imaginary and fictitious. The artists believe that man is the axis of life. They do not care for light effects as they are absorbed by the glory of the divine light. Minute care and attention to detail is a particular manifestation of Persian landscape painting. Etching using fine lines gives a sense of perspective.
The history of painting in Iran:
Prehistory painting in Persia:
The most important painted pictures in Iran have been excavated in the west and in Lorestan. Most of these pictures show scenes of battle, hunting, man and animal. Vestige of painting were seen on the earthen ware objects. The artists also exhibited their works on metal articles.
Painting during the Achaemenian dynasty:
If you take the relief pictures of Persepolis into consideration, you can see an interest in deep colours and a taste for elaborate work which is the fundament of a Persian art. There are murals with glazed bricks in Apadana (Persepolis) and a part of Susa palace. Achaemenid art cared for the decorative aspects of drawings.
Painting during the Arsacids (Parthians) dynasty:
In Arsacid art Painting was very important. Most relief drawings of this period was of type of design and drawing. The most famous drawing of this type is in Khaje mountain where the Persian and Greek arts are mingled together. One of the particulars of these drawings is applying black lines for drawing through using tools and lacking shade in colours.
Painting during Sassanian dynasty:
There are a lot of reports in books of history and log in that period on Painting. Among the sites where painting vestiges are seen is Madayen veranda (Tagh-e Kasra). The beautiful drawings of cloths and carpets of the sassanid also show the flourishing and prevalence of drawing art in that period. The art of bookmaking and decorating it with paintings reached the acme of evolution.
Mani was Persian and claimant for prophecy who publicized his beliefs by drawing. Many houses of painting had been constructed upon the recommendation of Mani where people painted on the walls of the constructions and his disciples came to know the philosophy of his religion. His book was called ARZHANG – the illustrated book of Mani (Manes) – decorated with Miniature pictures.